Culture


​Religion

external image 180px-Religion_distribution_Africa_crop.png
The two most known religions in Africa are Islam and christianity. In 2000, Africa's population was 45% christian, 40.6% Islam, and others were Hindu, or other traditional religions. These two religions were known as Abrahamic religions.
Judaism can also be found scattered across Africa. Perhaps not as well known as the history of Christianity and Islam in Africa to the tourists, Judaism has an ancient and rich history on the African continent. Today, there are Jewish communities in many countries; including the Beta Israel of Ethiopia, the Abayudaya of Uganda, the House of Israel in Ghana, the Igbo Jews of Nigeria and the Lemba of Sothern Africa.

Traditions
external image QL917916%3F%24detail%24
Original Tribal masks are often seen by unknowing eyes as art objects in themselves. The mask is considered to have embued power and is alive during the ceremony for which it is used.
In Africa a women's clothing can incorporate beaded and woven skirts, blankets and cloaks with elaborate motifs. The colorful jewelry are made from metal including copper, grasses and beads
The Ndebele of the southern part of the Gauteng Povince in South Africa are renowned for their colorful traditional clothing and artistic beadwork.

Music



Languages


Food (I noticed that someone erased a large section of text here by someone else. Please be careful about erasing large sections of text. A few edits are okay, but don't erase all of someone's work. )
Before farming
Around 6000 BC, as the climate changed and the Sahara Desert gradually took over the grasslands, finding food became harder so Africans started farming their own food.The Egyptians made barley into beer. The North Africans fished a lot and people herded sheep and other animals.
South of the Sahra the weather got drier, so they began farming aswell. They couldn't grow any grasses because it's too wet.
They started farming vegetables especially yams which were very popular.
Also the african food reflects traditions and has influence from Europeans and Asians.
A lot of the tradititonal food in Africa is combined of fruit, cereal grains, vegetables, meat and vegetables. milk.


Tribes Please be careful of just cutting and pasting large sections of text. Use your own words and/or pictures to make it simple
Some of the tribes:
Anlo-Ewe
The Anlo-Ewe people are today in the southeastern corner of the Republic of Ghana. They settled here around 1474 after escaping from their past home of Notsie.

Ashanti
The Ashanti live in central Ghana in western Africa approximately 300km. away from the coast. The Ashanti are a major ethnic group of the Akans in Ghana, a fairly new nation, barely more than 50 years old.

Berber
Berbers have lived in Africa since the earliest recorded time. References date back to 3000 BC. There are many scattered tribes of Berber across Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt.

Bobo
The Bobo peple have lived in western Burkina Faso and Mali for centuries. They are known for their masks which are worn with elaborate outfits for celebrations. Primarily agricultral people they also cultivate cotton which they use to trade with others.

Bushmen/San
The 'Bushmen' are the oldest inhabitants of southern Africa, where they have lived for at least 20,000 years. Their home is in the vast expanse of the Kalahari desert.

Dogon
The Dogon are a cliff-dwelling people who live in Southeastern Mali and Burkina Faso. Among the people groups in Africa they are unique in that they have kept and continued to develop their own culture even in the midst of Islamic invasions which have conquered and adapted many of the current people groups

Fang
The Fang are especially known for their guardian figures which they attached to wooden boxes containing bones of the ancestors. The bones, by tradition, are said to contain the power of the dead person, in fact, the same amount of power that the person had while still alive

Kikuyu (Gikuyu)Having migrated to their current location about four centuries ago, the Kikuyu now make up Kenya’s largest ethnic group.

external image Kikuyu_woman_traditional_dress.jpg
Click for source

Maasai
The Maasai, famous as herders and warriors, once dominated the plains of East Africa. Now however they are confined to a fraction of their former range.

Senufo
The Senufo are a group of people living in northern Cote d'Ivoire and Mali. They are known as excellent farmers and are made up of a number of different groups who moved south to Mali and Cote d'Ivoire in the 15 and 16th centuries.

Yoruba
The Yoruba people live in Southwest Nigeria and Benin. They have developed a variety of different artistic forms including pottery, weaving, beadwork, metalwork, and mask making.

Zulu
The Zulu are the largest ethnic group in South Africa. They are well known for their beautiful brightly colored beads and baskets as well as other small carvings.
Information taken from http://www.africaguide.com/culture/tribes/index.htm


Geography:

  • Economies
  • Population
    The total population of Africa is about a 900 million people.
    Africa is the world's second-largest and second -most populous continent.
  • Development
  • Regions
  • Countries
Africa has 53 countries including 61 territories, it accounts for about 14% of the worlds human population.
  • Flags
Afrika has 53 flags.
The flags are represented down here.
external image kl3lg.jpg

History:

Slave Trade
The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade began around the mid-fifteenth century when Portuguese interests in Africa moved away from the fabled deposits of gold to a much more readily available commodity slaves. By the seventeenth century the trade was in full swing, reaching a peak towards the end of the eighteenth century. It was a trade which was especially fruitful, since every stage of the journey could be profitable for merchants the infamous triangular trade.
external image E027.JPG
Why did the Trade Begin
Expanding European empires in the New World lacked one major resource a work force. In most cases the indigenous peoples had proved unreliable (most of them were dying from diseases brought over from Europe), and Europeans were unsuited to the climate and suffered under tropical diseases. Africans, on the other hand, were excellent workers: they often had experience of agriculture and keeping cattle, they were used to a tropical climate, resistant to tropical diseases, and they could be worked very hard on plantations or in mines.
Was Slavery New to Africa
Africans had been traded as slaves for centuries reaching Europe via the Islamic-run, trans-Saharan, trade routes. Slaves obtained from the Muslim dominated North African coast however proved to be too well educated to be trusted and had a tendency to rebellion.


Apartheid
Apartheid was the official system of racial segregation between 1948 and 1990 in South Africa and Namibia in the current operation was. It comes from the Afrikaans word apartheid is a loan word in almost any other language included untranslated. The first known use of the word was in 1919, during a speech by Jan Smuts, the then Prime Minister of South Africa.

In response to the speech by Jan Smuts, Hendrik Verwoerd has said that he would rather hear instead of apartheid that the system is described as good neighbors. Hendrik Verwoerd in South Africa stayed was Dutch and important designer of the apartheid system. The system has long existed, but was not formally introduced.

Apartheid could be distinguished in the so-called large and small apartheid. Little was known apartheid and racial segregation included the residential communities. Using a large set of laws to whites and blacks were forced to live separately, with the best facilities to the economically stronger whites eventually devolved. The great apartheid policies included certain parts of the country races to be allocated and then independence. Again, the whites were favored in practice.

Media:

  • Pictures
  • Resources
(I NOTICED THAT YOU HAVE A RESOURCES PAGE, BUT THERE ARE NO RESOURCES. YOU SHOULD BE MAKING A LIST OF ALL THE WEBSITES YOU HAVE BEEN USING AND PUT THEM IN ONE PLACE! HERE!



Christianity