Essential Questions:

  • What is oppression and what are the root causes?
  • What does power have to do with fairness and justice?
  • Is it ever necessary to question the status quo?



Skills:

  • use maps to understand the complexity of the African continent
Map_of_Africa.jpg
  • Analyse different features of fifteenth-century African society and make links between different aspects between them
List 5 features of fifteenth-century African society:

  • Locate different groups of indigenous peoples on a map of Africahausa.png


I made this map that shows where the Hausa people, which are a group of indigenous people in Africa, are located on a map of Africa.

african_tribes.jpg
This map shows different tribes of Africa and their locations.

  • Identify those indigenous peoples who were most at risk from slave traders:

Most people that were enslaved were taken from West Africa and Central Africa and taken to North and South America. They were usually kidnapped or taken by coastal trading with some of the other Africans. There were over 45 ethnic groups taken to America during the slave trade, some are listed below:
  1. The Akan of Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire
  2. The Igbo of southeastern Nigeria
You can find more information about these here.

Igbo.jpg

The Igboens are settled in Igboland in southeastern Nigeria very near to the coast..
I think the Igbo tribe were most at risk from the slave trade because they were near the coast and opressors could stop their ship and kidnap a person to make him a slave.
It is estimated that a total of 1.4 million Igbo people were transported (via European ships) across the Atlantic in the era of Atlantic slave trade. Most of these ships were British.The Eboeans are among the largest and most influential ethnic groups in Nigeria. Most of them speak English, due to British colonalism.

Ghana: 3443229964_18f5cb4f75[1].jpg Image by erjkprunczyk

In pre-colonial times Ghana was inhabited by a number of ancient predominantly Akan Kingdoms, also including the Akwamu on the Eastern Coast, the Ashanti Empire on the inland and different Fanti. Trade with European states was common after contact with the Portugese in the 15th century, the British established a crown colony in 1874.

Ashanti: The Ashanti people of the Akan are one of the few matrilineal societies in West Africa. The matrilineal system controlled farming, religious units, supervised marriages, and settled internal disputes among its members. Ashanti kings, once known for their splendor and wealth, retained their dignity after colonization. The Ashanti are noted for their expertise in several forms of craft work, particularly their weaving, wood carving, ceramics and fertility dolls. Traditional cloth was woven in complex patterns of bright, narrow strips. They were woven outdoors, exclusively by men. In fact, the manufacture of many Ashanti crafts is restricted to male specialists. Pottery-making is the only craft that is primarily a female activity; but even then, only men are allowed to fashion pots or pipes.

Liberia:
Flag Liberia by erjkprunczyk.
Flag Liberia by erjkprunczyk.
Image by: erjkprunczyk

The history of Liberia is unique among African nations, notably because of its relationship with the United States. It is one of the few countries in Africa, and the only country in West Africa, without roots in the European Scramble for Africa. Founded as a colony by the American Colonization Society in 1821-22, it was created as a place for slaves freed in the United States to emigrate to in Africa, on the premise they would have greater freedom and equality there. Slaves freed from slave ships also were sent there instead of being repatriated to their countries of origin. These freed slaves formed a strong group in their Liberian society, and in 1847 they founded the Republic of Liberia, establishing a government modeled on that of the United States.



Hausa:external image Hausa.gif Image by globalethnicconnections.com
They are located in Northern Nigeria and South Eastern Niger.
Now they are spread around Nigeria, Niger, Ghana, Chad, Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire, and Sudan.


To find out more about the Nigerian slave trade, follow this link Nigrian Slave trade history

Resources:


New Sites:

Trade across Sahara
The Atlantic Slave Trade


Map of Africa
African Slave Trade (Wikipedia)
Slave Trade
African Kingdom Maps
Origins of Slaves